Cookies on this site

This site uses cookies to store information on your computer. By using our site you accept the terms of our Privacy Policy

Accept and close
Emergency Number +44 7932 113573
News and knowledge


Environment and pollution - an introductionLiability for pollution is a relatively modern concern. Most laws in this field have come into being since the late 1960s following the first major tanker spill, the Torrey Canyon incident off  the south coast of England.  It prompted the growth of major environmental pressure groups and governments represented at the United Nations undertook a whole range of new environmental commitments. Subsequent oil pollution disasters such as the Amoco Cadiz off Brittany in 1978, the Exxon Valdez in Alaska in 1989 and, more recently, the Erika and Prestige incidents off Western Europe resulted in further legal changes and greater financial liability for pollution from ships.

Today even minor pollution incidents commonly produce very significant financial losses for ship owners and their insurers, both in the form of compensation claims and by way of criminal fines. A serious oil spill is a crisis which shipping executives commonly fear more than any other casualty, not least because of the considerable publicity that is often generated by them.

Pollution liability regimes were the first to introduce compulsory insurance in the maritime sector along with rights of direct action against liability insurers.
Insurance against pollution liability risks is therefore a very important feature of Club cover, not only to enable shipowners to comply with compulsory insurance requirements but also to protect them against some of their biggest potential exposures.

The pollution team is available to contact on: 

We have focused on key topics on this page:


Sulphur Emissions


Konstantinos Samaritis
Claims Director
Telephone +30 210 429 1861
Mobile +30 6955 806 101

Environment and pollution - sulphur emissions

Web alerts on this topic:


Ballast Water

Julia Kotsonis

Environment and pollution - ballast water (2)

Claims Assisstant
Telephone +44 20 7680 5620
Mobile +44 78 2410 3362

Key documents

  • General information on ballast water management: here
  • Text of the Ballast Water Management Convention: here
  • USCG’s latest memo regarding extensions for BWMS: here
  • EPA’s 2013 VGP: here


Chinese Oil Pollution

Environment and pollution - Chinese oil pollution

Nick Dimokidis
Claims Executive
Telephone +65 6506 2880
Mobile +65 9298 8387


Useful links

  • Handout on Chinese oil pollution: here
  • List of Approved SPROs/Consortia/Agents: here
  • Circulars and web alerts on this topic: here
  • Revised IG Sample SPRO contract: here



Heather Maxwell
Claims Executive
Telephone +44 20 7680 5655
Mobile +44 7990 514 108

Club publications



Environment and pollution - MARPOL

Loss Prevention - Regulation update

Standard Bulletin, March 2015


Sulphur reduction –
the club’s perspective



Standard Safety October 2014

Marpol fines in
the US, September

September 2013

Web alert: Australia -
MARPOL Annex-V violations
and the possible consequences,
24 February 2015